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Soluzioni per la generazione distribuita di oggi e domani: cogenerazione e accumulo a batterie

Partendo da una panoramica dell'offerta di genset MTU Onsite Energy per la generazione di energia, si addentrerà poi nel tema delle sfide poste al settore dalla generazione distribuita, e di come tali sfide possano diventare opportunità per una vasta platea di realtà.
In particolare, la discussione si sposterà sulla tecnologia dell'accumulo elettrochimico, con un focus sulle soluzioni che arricchiscono la gamma MTU Onsite Energy.

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mcTER Cogenerazione - Milano giugno 2019 workshop

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Gli atti dei convegni e più di 10.000 contenuti su www.verticale.net Pompe di Calore Termotecnica Industriale Pompe di Calore © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved © MTU Onsite Energy Gmb
Al rights reserved Milano, 27 Giugno 2019 Relatore: Lorenzo Gatti MTU Italia SOLUZIONI PER LA GENERAZIONE
DISTRIBUITA DI OGGI E DOMANI: COGENERAZIONE E ACCUMULO A BATTERIE Page 2 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential ROLLS-ROYCE POWER SYSTEMS BUSINESS UNIT Core Business Areas Civil Aerospace Defense Power Systems 01 European Grid challenges
02 Italian Grid needs by 2030
03 Intelligent Load balancing
04 Power Generation by RRPS
05 Grid service by Rec Engines
06 Grid service by Battery Storage
07 Beyond the product
08 Questions'
09 What''s new © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved AGENDA Page 4 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 01. EUROPEAN GRID CHALLENGES Page 5 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 2014 European Gross electricity generation by fuel (EU-28, % of total) Source: EU Commission, DG ENER, Unit A4, Energy Statistics Source: Tennet Grid operator, Real time solar generation Forecast Deviation Solar Generation in Germany on 31.03.2014 Renewables ++ weather dependent & unpredictable 01 EUROPEAN GRID CHALLENGES CAUSES Page 6 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 01 EUROPEAN GRID CHALLENGES CASE 1 AND 2 Page 7 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 01 EUROPEAN GRID CHALLENGES ITALIAN SCENARIO Source: Page 8 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 01 EUROPEAN GRID CHALLENGES ITALIAN SCENARIO Source: July 2015: peak demand due to temperatures higher
than average
(record peak demand of 60.5 GW ) January 2017: expected negative system margins in the
North and Center-North of Italy due to combined impact of
cold snap and unavailability of French nuclear plants July-August 2017: peak demand (56.6 GW) recorded, for
the first time, during the month of August and coinciding with
very low hydro availability Need for long-term price signals (Capacity Market) to support investments in new flexible and efficient thermal generation Adequacy of the Italian electricity system has been critical in recent years Increasing risk to activate the electricity emergency national plan Gli atti dei convegni e più di 10.000 contenuti su www.verticale.net Pompe di Calore Termotecnica Industriale Pompe di Calore Page 9 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 02. ITALIAN GRID
NEEDS BY 2030 Page 10 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 MARKET EVOLUTION Source: Availability Activation T O D AY FU TU R E It is necessary to evolve the current flexibility management approach to maximize the contribution of new resources to the system operation Page 11 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 TERNA ROADMAP - TODAY Source: May 2019 - Capacity already awarded:
' Zone A: 596 MW ' Zone B: 60 MW Page 12 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 NEED FOR STORAGE Source: Page 13 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 NEED FOR STORAGE Source: IEA, Roland Berger Page 14 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 TERNA ROADMAP '' NEXT STEPS Source: NEW SERVICES Page 15 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 03. INTELLIGENT LOAD
BALANCING Page 16 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential ü FLEXIBILITY & SPEED on the supply & demand side (intel igent load balancing) 03 INTELLIGENT LOAD BALANCING KEYS: FLEXIBILITY & SPEED ü Decentralized small and middle scale power plants have advantages on load balancing and control power delivery in comparison to large conventional ones ü Virtual power plant an aggregated resource which operates as a single unit interconnecting smal decentralized electricity
suppliers/providers into a network with a single common control/regulation system in order to provide flexibility. Page 17 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 03 INTELLIGENT LOAD BALANCING KEYS: FLEXIBILITY & SPEED Generator // CCHP* Energy storage Electrical // Thermal // Conversion Wind turbines PV modules System controls Intelligence // Optimizer // AI Load Industrial // Commercial // Residential Public grid Electricity
Heat
Chemical Energy demand § Electrical § Combined electrical & thermal Distributed energy resources (DER) § Renewable (e.g. wind turbines & solar PV) § Conventional (e.g. diesel / gas generators) Energy storage systems § Electricity storage (e.g. batteries) § Thermal storage (e.g. hot water) § Energy conversion (e.g. Power-to-Gas/-Liquids) Control system § Intel igent control system with system
optimizer Interconnected to the grid or island mode Gas / Fuels *Combined Cooling Heating and Power: Combined generation of heat and power - heat can be transformed into cold via absorption chillers. Page 18 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 04. POWER GENERATION BY RRPS Page 19 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 04 POWER GENERATION BY RRPS OUR CORE BRANDS Marine & Defense Marine & Defense Marine & Defense Industrial Mining Oil & Gas Marine Rail Defense Diesel Systems Power Stations NG Systems BG Systems Marine | Diesel Marine | Gas Energy | Diesel Energy | Gas Page 20 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 04 POWER GENERATION BY RRPS PRODUCT PORTFOLIO 30 kWe '' 3.200 kWe 30 kWe '' 10.000 kWe Marine & Defense Marine & Defense Natural Gas Diesel Utilities & IPP Industrial & Manufacturing Nuclear Data Center Hospitals Commercial & Public Buildings Diesel & HFO Continuous / Prime / Peak Mission critical Standard Backup Battery storage Battery storage Natural Gas & Other Gases Standby 4000 DS 4000 Gas EnergyPack Bergen Page 21 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential High and Medium Speed Gas Systems (720 / 750 / 1500 rpm) MTU 400 GS
MTU 4000 GS
B36:45
B35:40 MTU 1600 DS
MTU 2000 DS
MTU 4000 DS
B32:40 (Diesel & HFO)
B33:45 (Diesel & HFO) High and Medium Speed Diesel Systems (720 / 750 / 1500 rpm) MTU BatteryPack
QCompact
QMedium
QLarge Battery Storage (0,5C / 1C / 2C) 04 POWER GENERATION BY RRPS PRODUCT PORTFOLIO Page 22 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 05. GRID SERVICE BY RECIPROCATING ENGINES Page 23 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 05 GRID SERVICE BY REC. ENGINES TECHNOLOGIES FOR GRID BALANCING ü Production close to the consumer (less losses, CHP eff.) ü Engine driven gensets support transition process § Synchronous generators with rotating mass § High short-circuit capability, reactive power / voltage control § Control able (fast starting time & load profile) & High availability § Positive contribution to grid stabilization at distribution level ü Fuel Flexibility (Liquid, Gas, waste Gases, etc. ) ü Instal ed emergency power supplies can be used for grid stabilization ü Proven technology: Long tested (series), low investment, quick to instal Page 24 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential Flexible Start-Up Time Demand Response Programs Standby Application Micro/Smart Grids Hybrid Solution with Renewables Low Load Operation Gas Gensets come closer to the positive characteristics of the diesel engine (start times, load ramps, load steps, etc.) for applications: Virtual Power Plants 05 GRID SERVICE BY REC. ENGINES TYPICAL RAMP-UP / -DOWN TIMES Page 25 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential Flexible Start-Up Time Demand Response Programs Standby Application Micro/Smart Grids Hybrid Solution with Renewables Gas Gensets come closer to the positive characteristics of the diesel engine (start times, load ramps, load steps, etc.) for applications: Virtual Power Plants 05 GRID SERVICE BY REC. ENGINES TYPICAL RAMP-UP / -DOWN TIMES In the future: MTU LPG engines Page 26 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 06. GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE Page 27 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE KEY TERMINOLOGY Energy Storage Association, Glossary, 01/2019; http://energystorage.org/energy-storage/glossary/ ' BoL (Beginning of life) ' Round trip efficiency Input
[kWh]
The amount of energy that a storage system can deliver relative to the amount of energy injected into the system during the
immediately preceding charge (also referred to as efficiency). Output [kWh] η[%] = ''''''' [*+,] 𝐼''''' [*+,] ' Stored energy ''
kWh
The energy available in the storage system to perform physical work through
the conversion of its chemical or mechanical energy, stated in kWh or MWh. Page 28 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE KEY TERMINOLOGY 1 h 1C 0. 5 h 2C 2 h 0.5 C 10 h 0.1 C ' C-Rate (Charge & discharge
rate) 1 C is the charge rate necessary to charge a battery in one hour. 2 C charges in 30 minutes and 0.1 C charges in 10 hours. Energy Storage Association, Glossary, 01/2019; http://energystorage.org/energy-storage/glossary/ CHOICE Page 29 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE MTU ENERGYPACK. Multi-application capability Highest design standards Highly robust and reliable Application & revenue stream change without hardware modification Fitting for multiple applications during product lifecycle Full power under rough ambient conditions from -20°C to 40°C and 1000m above sea level Battery protection with condition management system Safe, stable & reliable Excellent efficiency & load acceptance Efficient, fast & flexible Scalable Round trip cycle efficiency at 92.5% with 2C at BoL 100% load in 1st step Ful load acceptance in one step Sophisticated design, high safety standards MTU own design & engineering Plug-and-play solution High standardization level Standardized design Simple scalability From single to multiple without chal enges Optimum performance. For anything. At anytime.
For various applications & circumstances. Typical MTU. Page 30 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE ENERGYPACK ABILITIES Energy Shifting Power quality
' The reactive power capability can provide active voltage support Control & regulate the energy systems frequency
' Off-grid and on-grid: increased grid reliability Power Quality & Frequency Stabilization Energy shifting
' Charge during low load periods, supply in high load periods
' Renewable power can be stored and later utilized
Peak shaving
' Peak demands are reduced
' Demand charges are avoided Page 31 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE ENERGYPACK ABILITIES Maintain network continuity until backup generator can
takeover loads
' Short reaction times (milliseconds)
' Backup power for a limited time period Renewable power generation
' Smooth fluctuations during defined time period
Buffer between generation and grid / consumer
' Avoiding large ramp rates / rapid voltage and power swings on the following infrastructure ' Increasing grid reliability Integration of Renewables Backup Power Page 32 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 06 GRID SERVICE BY BATTERY STORAGE PARTNERING WITH QINOUS 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 Power [kW] Capacity [kWh] QLarge QCompact QMedium MTU EnergyPack 40ft Page 33 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 02 ITALIAN GRID NEEDS BY 2030 PARTNERING WITH QINOUS Source: IEA, Roland Berger REMEMBER' Page 34 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 07. BEYOND THE PRODUCT Page 35 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential Combined Heat & Power Powergen Combined Heat & Power Enclosure Container Powergen Datacenter Module POWER MODULES SERIES 400 SERIES 4000 GAS CONTINUOUS OPERATION STANDBY OPERATION DIESEL SERIES 4000 SERIES 2000 07 BEYOND THE PRODUCT POWER MODULES Combined Heat & Power Page 36 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 07 BEYOND THE PRODUCT MICROGRIDS Portfolio competences & smart energy solutions '' from a single source. optimal interaction between generation, storage and demand to minimize cost of energy and / or maximize energy utilization Energy Generation highest competence in system technologies, from continuous to standby Gas Systems § <2 min Fast Start option § Economic continuous operation
('/kWh) § Natural gas, biogas and other
gases § Low emission levels § Combined cooling / heating /
power generation (efficiency) Diesel Systems § Mature technology § Low load operation capability
(<20%) § <15 sec Start time § Highest load acceptance § Best transient behavior § Best energy density ('/kW) EnergyPack (battery storage container) § Ultra fast response § Charge- / discharge capability § Highest load acceptance § Best transient behavior § Seamless integration into MTU
systems Power Storage perfect add-on: fast & flexible MicroGrid § Seamless integration of
generation, storage & demand
via MTU MicroGrid control er § Integration of renewable energy
sources (e.g. PV & wind),
minimization of emissions § Maximization of economic energy
generation (minimal '/kWh) Smart Interaction of generation & demand Page 37 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 08. QUESTIONS' Page 38 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved 09. WHAT''S NEW Page 39 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 09 WHAT''S NEW NEW BERGEN B36:45 Wh at H o w A d v. ' B36:45 L8 and 20V
' 720 (60Hz) or 750 (50Hz) rpm
' Natural Gas ' New Power Nodes (50Hz): 4,700 and 11,800 kWe
' Existing Power Nodes (L6 and L9, 50Hz): 3,500 and 5,200 kWe
' 600 kWm per cylinder ' World class efficiency (>48.5%)
' Smaller footprint
' Maintenance friendly design Page 40 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential ' World class efficiency
' NOx leves <250 or <500 mg/Nm3
' Continuous cylinder Pressure Monitoring (CPM) for optimized performance ' Supreme transient response through Variable Valve Timing (VVT) feature ' Lube oil consumption reduced by 25%
' Extended service intervals
' No major overhauls required (remanufacturing)
' Simplified engine design with reduced number of parts ' Maintenance friendly design Reduced lifecycle costs ' Smaller footprint thanks to the increased power per cylinder (600 kWm) ' Modularized design
' Easier transportation ' Decades of reliable power
' Heir of succesful K series (2.5 '' 3,6 MW) (>80 units installed in Italy only) ' Fuel flexibility (possibility to convert to liquid fuelled operation) ' Already proven as Marine & Powergen application (>120 units installed) 09 WHAT''S NEW NEW BERGEN B36:45 Enhanced performance Quick and easy installation Maximum reliability and availability Page 41 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 09 WHAT''S NEW NEW S4000 L64 TROPICAL Wh at H o w A d v. ' 20V 4000 L64 FNER
' 1500 (50Hz) rpm
' Natural Gas ' New Power Node: 2,538 kWe
' Existing Power Node (16V): 2,028 kWe
' 130 kWm per cylinder ' Full power under hot / humid ambient conditions
' Electr. η: 43,9% (target, >1%pt. increase compared to L32)
' High power density Page 42 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 09 WHAT''S NEW NEW S4000 L64 TROPICAL Page 43 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 09 WHAT''S NEW DIESEL S4000 POWER INCREASE Wh at H o w A d v. ' Power increase (50Hz)
' 12V, 16V and 20V 4000 DS
' SoS: 2019 ' High power density
' Higher power nodes with same displacement ' New Power Nodes (Stand-By Power): 12V: 2300 kVA
16V: 2800 kVA
20V: 4000 kVA Page 44 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential 09 WHAT''S NEW DIESEL S4000 POWER INCREASE Gross power ratings shown. Power ratings may vary depending on system configuration, voltage and ambient conditions. Page 45 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential Page 45 / MTU Onsite Energy Company Presentation/ 7/3/19 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION For further information please contact: Lorenzo.gatti@mtu-online.com or meet us at Desk 75. © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved Page 46 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH
Al rights reserved REFERENCES Page 47 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential CHP Plant for district heating
Wedge Power
Location: Cuneo, Italy Product: § 7 x MTU 20V4000 GS Power output: 14 MW REFERENCE Key features: § Heat for 640 public and private users § Electrical power for self-consumption and a
local glass mil APPLICATIONS & REFERENCES CONTINUOUS / PRIME / PEAK Page 48 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential Röhn Energy (Fulda) Grid Stabilization with primary frequency control power o Supply of primary frequency control power
(positive within 30 seconds) o Connection of diesel unit to the aggregators
control and communication system o 100% of nominal power used for primary
control power and peak shaving o MTU standard solution o Exhaust Gas treatment with SCR + Oxicat
Catalyist 5x MTU 20V4000 DS + 1x12V4000 DS Output: 14,6 MVA
System services: 14,6 MW aFCR 05 REFERENCES FREQUENCY CONTROL POWER Stadtwerke Amberg Grid Stabilization with Secondary frequency control power o Supply of secondary frequency control
power (positive & negative) o Connection of CHP unit to the EnerNoC
control and communication system o 80% of nominal power used for secondary
control power o Short-in-time implementation given MTU
standard solution CHP MTU Onsite Energy 20V4000 L33
Output: 2 MWel + 2 MWth
System services: 1,6 MW Secondary aFRR Page 49 MTU Onsite Energy / 28.06.2018 © MTU Onsite Energy GmbH / Al rights reserved / Confidential ' Gamesa is currently testing such an hybrid power plant near Zaragoza, Spain ' Launched in May, 2016 ' Equipped with wind turbines, solar PV systems, batteries and three MTU diesel
systems series 1600 ' This combination guarantees green but also reliable energy supply ' More at: http://www.mtu-report.com/Power-
Generation/Diesel-Generator-Sets/Triple-Mix 05 REFERENCES MICRO-GRID SOLUTIONS


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