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Implementazione di sistemi di controllo perdita

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1.Introduction Pipeline leak detection
2.PipePatrol E-RTTM
3.Real World Findings
4.Summary

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Atti di convegni o presentazioni contenenti case history
SAVE ottobre 2018 Il monitoraggio dell’integrità delle infrastrutture: dai sensori all’elaborazione / visualizzazione delle criticità

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Estratto del testo
Veronafiere 17-18 ottobre 2018 Vi aspettiamo a mcT Petrolchimico Milano, 29 novembre 2018 Cogenerazione Termotecnica Industriale Pompe di Calore 27 ottobre Cogenerazione Termotecnica Industriale Pompe di Calore Alimentare Alimentare Petrolchimico Alimentare 28 ottobre Alimentare Petrolchimico Alimentare Alimentare Petrolchimico Visione e Tracciabilit 28 ottobre Luce Energia Domotica LED Luce Energia Domotica LED Petrolchimico Alimentare Petrolchimico Petr E-RTTM ' State of the Art Leak and Theft Detection SAVE Verona 2018 ' Convegno AIS/ISA Italy section - "Il monitoraggio dell'integrit delle infrastrutture: dai sensori all'elaborazione / visualizzazione delle criticit" Max Ihring 2018-10-18 E-RTTM ' State of the Art Leak and Theft Detection Agenda 1. Introduction ' Pipeline leak detection 2. PipePatrol E-RTTM 3. Real World Findings 4. Summary Max Ihring
Product Management PipePatrol KROHNE Oil and Gas B.V.
Minvervum 7441
4817 ZG Breda
The Netherlands Tel.: +31 (0)76 711 2091 Mobil: +49 (0)177 2094 177 Fax: +31 (0)76 711 2007
m.ihring@krohne.com
www.krohne.com | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 3 KROHNE Group
Facts and figures ' Supplier of innovative products, solutions and services for the process industry ' Founded 1921 in Duisburg, Germany ' 100% family-owned ' 2017 turnover: 495.3 mio. EUR (incl. joint ventures) ' >3,700 employees ' >350 employees in R&D ' 14 production facilities in 11 countries ' 44 KROHNE companies and joint ventures ' 55 representatives | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 4 KROHNE Group ' Product portfolio Overview | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 5 Flow measurement Level measurement Pressure measurement Analysis products Communications Temperature measurement KROHNE Services Systems for marine industry Systems for oil and gas industry PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 6 Dr. Geiger founded Magnum GmbH in Germany, supplying model based LDS for German industries Prof. Dr. Geiger founded the LDS research institute at the University of Applied Sciences in Gelsenkirchen to develop new LDS technology for BP KROHNE starts cooperating with the LDS institute. First LDS 'Galileo' with RTTM technology installed at BP Germany in 2000 KROHNE releases new 'PipePatrol' flagship LDS with E-RTTM technology to customers 1987 1997 1999 2003 NATO choses PipePatrol as LDS for European Pipeline Network in Belgium PipePatrol monitors over 100 pipelines PipePatrol monitors over 330 pipelines 2009 2010 2018 History Introduction - Pipeline leak detection
Transportation infrastructure: Crude oil and ethylene | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 7 Regulations and standards
Official leak detection system requirements | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 8 Leak detection system Contents of requirement Complaint TRFL Technical rules for pipelines ' API RP 1130 Computational pipeline monitoring for liquids ' API RP 1175 Pipeline leak detection ' program management ' API RP 1149 Pipeline variable uncertainties and their effects on leak detection ' 49 CFR 195 Transport of hazardous liquids via pipeline ' CSA Z662 Oil and gas pipelines ' PipePatrol ' Regulations and standards Performance criteria according to API 1130 9 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection Sensitivity Detect small leaks fast Typical smallest detectable leak rate approx. 0.5% (nom. flow) Very fast detection time for small leaks, typically < 10min Reliability Produce no false alarms
Exceptionally low false alarm rate (<2 per year)
Reliable detection of smallest leaks Robustness Does not shut down the leak detection if a component fails
Robust hardware with redundancy options
Fall back strategy if sensors fail Accuracy Calculate accurate leak rate and position
Leak localisation accuracy typically between 1% und 2% of section length | 2018-10-18 Causes of leaks ' Fatigue cracks ' Stress corrosion ' Hydrogen indexing ' Material manufacturing errors ' External influence | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 10 Out F Product Theft and Illegal Tapping
In small amounts' | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 11 Product Theft and Illegal Tapping
or huge quantities' | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 12 Product Theft and Illegal Tapping
It happens often' Concawe Report 2018 | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 13 Product Theft and Illegal Tapping
'and it is easy | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 14 Product Theft and Illegal Tapping
'and it happens around the world | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 15 E-RTTM ' State of the Art Leak and Theft Detection Agenda 1. Introduction ' Pipeline leak detection 2. PipePatrol E-RTTM 3. Real World Findings 4. Summary PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 17 Avoidance of false alarm:
High alarm limit
Long detection time Classic leak signature
caused by compressibility Flow outlet,
flowmeter Flow inlet,
flowmeter Traditional balancing PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information Based on principle of statistical pattern recognition Stage 1: RTTM ' Uses process model ("virtual pipeline") to create pattern Stage 2: E, Extended ' Addition of signature analysis to detect leaks and avoid false alarms | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 18 PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information E-RTTM method, 1st stage: ' Fully dynamic, real-time process model calculates leak free target values ' Based on the method of characteristics which is considered the most accurate method for one-dimensional flows in pipelines | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 19 Geometry pipeline, elevation profile Material quality, properties of the product p ' V = N ' k B ' T Virtual pipeline Thermodynamic equation of state Partial differential equations conservation of mass, conservation of energy, conservation of momentum Online measurements Online measurements PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 20 Pattern generation using RTTM PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 21 ' False alarms are expensive (shutting down the line, the processes, flaring of the product)
' Guaranteed < 2 false alarms per year, customers have gone 10 years without a false alarm No leak
signature Leak
signature No leak
signature
Drift' PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information ' Providing primary and complementary or alternative LDS ' Allows installation as redundant LDS and backup LDS for disaster recovery ' Allows individual optimization to installation environment ' Significantly improves performance | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 22 PipePatrol E-RTTM
Product information Possibility of combining methods ' Improves accuracy, robustness and reliability | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 23 Gradient Intersection Method s p Negative Pressure Wave Method t s t s Extended Negative Pressure Wave Method E-RTTM ' State of the Art Leak and Theft Detection Agenda 1. Introduction ' Pipeline leak detection 2. PipePatrol E-RTTM 3. Real World Findings 4. Summary Real World Findings
Product Theft on Multiproduct Pipeline Application ' 8' 116 km refined multiproduct pipeline Scope of 'Turn Key' service ' Delivery of instrumentation (KROHNE OPTISONIC 3400 UFM) ' Delivery of optimized data acquisition and communication system ' Delivery of PipePatrol LDS hardware and software ' Configuration, installation and optimization of LDS ' Maintenance Contract including: ' 365d/24h emergency hotline ' Continuous training for supervisor and operators ' Regular maintenance, health check and continuous system improvement | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 25 Customer was subject to product theft
Results of PipePatrol E-RTTM Detected incident: ' Product thefts took place during shut-in phase ' PipePatrol extended negative pressure wave detected and located the theft ' Location: 10.877m | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 26 Customer was subject to product theft
Results of PipePatrol E-RTTM Detected incident: ' Product thefts took place during shut-in phase ' PipePatrol extended negative pressure wave detected and located the theft ' Location: 11.380m | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 27 Customer was subject to product theft
Results of PipePatrol E-RTTM Detected incident: ' Product thefts took place during shut-in phase ' PipePatrol extended negative pressure wave detected and located the theft ' Location: 4.500m | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 28 Customer was subject to product theft
Results of PipePatrol E-RTTM Detected incident: ' Product theft installation broke during start-up causing a leak ' PipePatrol E-RTTM detected and located the leak after 4 minutes ' Location: 21.500m | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 29 Customer was subject to product theft
Results of PipePatrol E-RTTM Detected incident: ' Product theft installation broke during pigging with leak detection pig ' PipePatrol E-RTTM detected and located the leak after 3 minutes ' Location: 20.180m | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 30 | 2018-10-18 31 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection Where do you prefer to steal'
Results PipePatrol E-RTTM Advantage to our customers
'Experience is the teacher of all things.'* Continuous improvement of our product: ' Leak location identification support by Email Message Alarm Reporting and Google Earth Integration ' Improved algorithms for localization implemented | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 32 *Julius Caesar, 'De Bello Civili' (c. 52 B.C.). Result of Leak Detection Plan
Combined efforts lead to success Implemented Leak Detection Strategy confirmed: ' Acceptance of system in control room through E-RTTM no false alarms operation ' Fast and reliable detection and localization of leaks and product theft ' Operators trained to understand LDS data ' 24h/365d support by KROHNE ' Thefts caught in the act with a 2m3 tank in a truck and arrested ' Leak volume and environmental impact minimized at real leak situation (0.6m3 to alarm) | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 33 E-RTTM ' State of the Art Leak and Theft Detection Agenda 1. Introduction ' Pipeline leak detection 2. PipePatrol E-RTTM 3. Real World Findings 4. Summary Summary
PipePatrol E-RTTM Reliable leak and theft detection using PipePatrol E-RTTM by KROHNE ' Continuous and robust monitoring during all pipeline operating conditions with the help of classic sensors and multiple API1130 methods ' In many cases, E-RTTM systems are already in use and have been certified by an independent third party audit ' Optimization and continuous support of KROHNE during lifetime of the system ' Support and guidance by KROHNE to fulfil and exceed legal requirements | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 35 Pipeline Management
Overview ' PipePatrol is more than just a leak detection system ' It offers a suite of software applications and additional hardware to provide pipeline management solutions ' Pipeline management solutions are topped with provision of complete range of pipeline
instrumentation
and standardized data acquisition
solutions
(by partners) as well as dedicated services PipePatrol Theft detection Tightness monitoring Line break detection Batch tracking Stress monitoring Predictive Modeling Leak detection S erv
ices PipePatrol | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 36 Summary
PipePatrol successful installations | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 37 350 installations In more than 20 countries No false alarms Summary
300+ references Reference projects ' Gas (including non-ideal sub-critical and supercritical/ dense phase gases) ' Single product liquids ' Crude oil ' Multi-product liquids (including refined products) ' LPG, LNG ' Brine ' (Waste) Water | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 38 Summary
More Information | 2018-10-18 | E-RTTM ' State of the Art Pipeline Leak and Theft Detection 39 All documents available in our download center: www.krohne.com/downloadcenter E-Learning: Pipeline Leak Detection www.academy-online.krohne.com Grazie per l'attenzione!


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