Progetto di ricerca FAR-EDGE: utilizzo di blockchain e edge computing per l'automazione

(in lingua inglese)

The FAR-EDGE project at a glance
Factory Automation Edge Computing Operating System Reference Implementation
FAR-EDGE reference architecture
DLT Introduction
The Distributed Ledger Concept
DLT as a computing platform

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Atti di convegni o presentazioni contenenti case history
mcT Cyber Security novembre 2018 Cyber Security per l'industria nel mondo Cloud e I-IoT

da Benedetta Rampini
mcT Cyber Security 2018Segui aziendaSegui


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Estratto del testo
Milano, 29 novembre 2018 Gli atti dei convegni e più di 10.000 contenuti su Cyber Security Alimentare Petrolchimico Petr Pierluigi Petrali - Whirlpool EMEA FAR-EDGE Reference Architecture and Blockchain Technology: IIoT Production Lines for White Appliances mcT Cybersecurity 29 Novembre 2018 ' Crowne Plaza, S.Donato Milanese About Whirlpool 29/11/2018 2 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 The FAR-EDGE project at a glance Project Summary Starting Date 01/10/2016 Duration 36 months Partners 12 Coordinator ENG H2020 FoF-11-2016 RIA 29/11/2018 3 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 4 Factory Automation Edge Computing Operating
System Reference Implementation
H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 The project will research and provide a novel factory automation platform (operating system) based on an edge computing architecture and IoT/CPS technologies enabling a decentralized automation solutions for the factories of the future. Allows Smart Factories to take advantage of Edge
' i.e., having computing power in close proximity to where it is actually needed Smart Machines Enterprise Systems Factory Control CPS Control Distributed Ledger Technology as a key enabler of:
Decentralization of process control (orchestration)
Decentralization of data analysis (aggregation)
Real-to-digital synchronization (digital twins) Advantages over centralized architectures:
Flexibility / Modularity (plug-and-produce)
Robustness / Resiliency (no single point of failure)
Flexibility / Cost-effectiveness (elasticity with no cloud
infrastructure) 29/11/2018 FAR-EDGE Compliant System 29/11/2018 5 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Field Ti er Edge Ti er Edge Analytics Engine Edge Automation Services Edge Analytics Engine Edge Automation Services Edge Analytics Engine Edge Automation Services Ledger Ti er Distributed Ledger Configuration Orchestration Cloud Ti er Open API for Automation Open API for Analytics Open API for Virtualization Synchronization Data Publishing FAR-EDGE reference architecture 29/11/2018 6 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 DLT Introduction Decentralized record-sharing Disintermediation of trust Virtualized computing Business and social networks eGovernment Payments and finance Distributed systems Maturity Adoption Transacting money Transacting information Transacting system state 29/11/2018 6 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 8 The Distributed Ledger Concept Individual records are immutable and timestamped. Storage can only be modified by 
appending new records. The integrity of both records and storage is protected by means 
of cryptographic techniques.  Peer Node Peer Node Peer Node Peer Node R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 9 The Distributed Ledger Concept 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Transactions are validated by consensus. In order to highjack the consensus process, an 
attacker needs to control one or more rogue nodes that overwhelm the community of all 
well-behaving nodes. In public networks such as Bitcoin, a successful attack is 
prohibitively expensive. PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN PN 10 DLT as a computing platform 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Smart Contract is a fancy name for the business logic behind Blockchain transactions, 
where such logic can be customized by developers to meet specific needs that go beyond 
the basic 'A makes a payment to B' use case For instance, the funds of A are locked until some external condition is verified, and then 
they are transferred to B 11 DLT as a computing platform 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 From a functional point of view, Smart Contracts turn the Blockchain from a distributed 
database into a distributed service platform A Smart Contract-powered platform can be used in a similar way as a serverless cloud 
architecture (e.g., Amazon Lambda), but you don't need such a sophisticated and powerful 
IT infrastructure to run it White Appliance Use Case 29/11/2018 12 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 MELANO Sorter Block Schema 29/11/2018 13 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 LINE 1 LINE 2 LINE ' LINE 14 LANE 1 LANE .. LANE 18 MIXED ITEM Conveyor (1 km) 14 WHR Melano factory AS-IS Architecture 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Current architecture 29/11/2018 15 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 1. System Unreliability ' Sudden changes in production plan are
not managed correctly and are often
causes of production stop ' Hardware problems (e.g. barcode
reader fault) are not tolerated and
system can cause stop of production 2. System Rigidity ' Each change such increase of
capacity, speed change etc. requires
the system to be reprogrammed ' Software is strictly bound to the
physical reality To-be vision 29/11/2018 16 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 ' Each physical item (bays, conveyor) is managed by an independent edge node modelled as an agent. ' Edge nodes could be physically realized with low cost computing means (e.g. Arduino, Raspberry, etc.). ' Sorter logic, developed according to simulation, is implemented as a smart contract running on the blockchain edge nodes. Implementation Architecture 29/11/2018 17 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Thanks to the edge computing approach, each physical item is an autonomous smart object. All objects are aware of their local environment and status, and cooperate as peers to the sorting process. WHR Use Case To-Be 29/11/2018 18 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 ' self-contained CPS composed 
by autonomous smart objects 
' CPS flexible to adapt to 
changing environment (factory 
upstream and needs of 
warehouse) and easily modified 
by operators. Edge Nodes logic 29/11/2018 19 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Each bay provides its status: ' Availability to receive products ' Number and type of products in queue ' Recent unload performances 1 The conveyor provides its status: ' Number and type of products in queue 2 Blockchain Smart Contract: ' Elaborates status from bays and conveyor ' Fill-up the Bay Assignment List 3 The bay act: ' Read the Bay Assignment List ' Actuate the Bay selector 4 WHR Testbed 29/11/2018 20 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 Expected benefits 1. Improved system productivity (3% to 5%) ' Increase robustness through more resilient structure
' Improve efficiency through reduction of number of wrong and impossible allocation 2. Decrease cost of reconfiguration ' Sorter adaptation to reconfiguration events (e.g. new product introduction, change in volume and mix, etc.) will be cheaper (up to 25% less) and faster (up
to 50% of current time), thus very close to a plug and produce concept. 29/11/2018 H2020 Research and Innovation Action - This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N. 723094 21 THANK YOU Visit us at

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